Stomach cancer, also called gastric cancer, forms in the tissues lining the stomach, an organ in the digestive system. Stomach cancer grows slowly over time and can spread to the lymph nodes and also reach the liver, lungs and bones. It is more common in countries outside of the United States.
Stomach cancer symptoms are not usually noticed in early stages, in advanced stages the symptoms may include:
- Discomfort in the stomach, abdomen area.
- Feeling full after a small meal.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Weight loss.
If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, consult a MemorialCare Physician partner.
Risk Factors & Prevention
You are at a greater risk for stomach cancer risk if you:
- Are over the age of 50.
- Are male.
- Are Asian, Polynesian, Hispanic or African American.
- Live in Japan, Korea, China, Southern or Eastern Europe, South America, or Central America.
- Have a diet high in smoked, salted or pickled foods.
- Smoke or are exposed to smoke.
- Are overweight.
- Had or have stomach surgery, stomach polyps, type A blood, pernicious anemia or another disease of the stomach.
- Have a family history of stomach cancer.
The causes of stomach cancer are unknown. By controlling risk factors that you can change, like not smoking, not eating a lot of smoked, salted or pickled foods and maintaining a healthy weight you can lower your risk for stomach cancer.