Prostate cancer occurs in the prostate gland in the male reproductive system. According to the American Cancer Society (ACS), more than 200,000 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in the United States this year. Sixty-five percent of all prostate cancers are found in men ages 65 – 69.
Prostate cancer symptoms do not usually occur. Some men may notice the following symptoms:
- Urinary problems.
- Blood in the urine or semen.
- Frequent pain in the lower back, hips, or upper thighs.
If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, consult a MemorialCare Physician partner.
Risk Factors & Prevention
Men are at greater risk for prostate cancer if you:
- Are over the age of 45.
- Have a family history (father, brother or son) who had prostate cancer.
- Are African American.
- Have a high-fat diet or are overweight.
The causes of prostate cancer are unknown; research suggests that genetics, hormones, diet and the environment may play a role in prostate cancer. Eating well and getting regular exercise can help to reduce your risk.
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and digital rectal exam (DRE) screening recommendations:
- 45-49 years of age - Annually for men starting at age 45 if you are African American or if your father, brother, or son had prostate cancer before the age of 65.
- 50 years of age or older - Annually for men.