Cardiomyopathy

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About

Cardiomyopathy is a disease in which the heart muscle (myocardium) has thickened or inflamed abnormally. Those with cardiomyopathy typically have heart failure, in most cases the enlarged heart muscle is weak and heart does not pump as it should, resulting in less oxygen-rich blood circulating in the body.

Types

  • Dilated (congestive) cardiomyopathy – the heart cavity is enlarged and stretched. The most common type.
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy – the left ventricle enlarges.
  • Restrictive cardiomyopathy – heart muscle cells (myocardium) in the ventricles become very rigid. The least common type.

Symptoms

Cardiomyopathy can show no symptoms, or symptoms can be mild. Some symptoms may include:

  • Shortness of breath.
  • Fatigue.
  • Chest pain.
  • Rapid or abnormal heartbeats.
  • Fainting.

If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, consult a MemorialCare Physician partner.

Diagnosis

Treatments