MemorialCare Cancer Institute at:
Jonathan Jaques Children's Cancer Center at:
Brain CancerA brain tumor forms when abnormal cells grow in the tissues of the brain. Brain tumors can either be non-cancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant). Primary brain tumors, mostly found in children, begin in the brain. Secondary tumors, or commonly referred to as metastatic cancer that has spread from another cancer in the body such as from the lungs, breast, or other parts of the body are mostly found in adults.
SymptomsBrain cancer symptoms may include: If you or your child is experiencing any of these symptoms, consult a MemorialCare Physician partner.
Causes & PreventionThe causes of primary brain tumors and the ways to prevent them are unknown. Secondary brain tumors (metastatic tumors) are caused by cancer from other parts of the body spreading to the brain.
Risk FactorsYou are at a greater risk for brain cancer if you:
DiagnosisAfter a physical exam and neurological exam, diagnostic images are taken by a CT scan or MRI. A biopsy may be taken so that a pathologist can examine the brain tissue under a microscope to determine if cancer cells are present. If the brain tumor is thought to be a secondary tumor, additional exams and tests will be taken of other parts of the body to detect signs of a primary cancer.
StagingIf cancer is diagnosed, additional tests are performed to determine the stage of the cancer and to see if it has spread to other parts of the body.
TreatmentsMemorialCare’s experienced team of oncologists, radiation oncologists, radiologists, pathologists and surgeons conduct roundtable discussions (tumor boards) of newly diagnosed patients to make recommendations for the best course of treatment.