MemorialCare Cancer Institute at:
Jonathan Jaques Children's Cancer Center at:
Bone CancerMost bone cancers are caused by advanced breast, prostate or lung cancers spreading to the bone. Primary bone cancer, which forms in bone cells, is rare and occurs more often in children. Common types of primary bone cancer are Osteosarcoma, Chondrosarcoma, and Ewing Tumors.
SymptomsBone cancer symptoms may include: If you or your child is experiencing any of these symptoms, consult a MemorialCare Physician partner.
Causes & PreventionThe cause of primary bone cancer is unknown. Research suggests that exposure to radiation from high dose radiation therapy at a young age can increase your risk. Your genetic make-up could also be a cause as some bone cancers are hereditary.
Risk FactorsYou are at a greater risk for bone cancer if you:
DiagnosisAfter a physical exam, diagnostic imaging such as X-rays, CT scans, ultrasound, or MRI may be preformed to allow your doctor to view and evaluate possible cancerous areas of your bones. A bone scan may also be performed to help diagnose bone cancer. This includes injecting radioactive materials into your blood stream that then collects in your bones and can be detected by a scanner to create an image of your bones.
StagingIf cancer is diagnosed and before treatment begins, additional tests are performed to determine the stage of the cancer and to see if it has spread to other parts of the body.
TreatmentsMemorialCare’s experienced team of oncologists, radiation oncologists, radiologists, pathologists and surgeons conduct roundtable discussions (tumor boards) of newly diagnosed patients to make recommendations for the best course of treatment.