MemorialCare Cancer Institute at:
Bladder CancerBladder cancer occurs in the bladder – the organ, located in the pelvic area that stores urine. The most common bladder cancer forms on the inside bladder lining.
SymptomsBladder cancer symptoms may include: If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, consult a MemorialCare Physician partner.
Causes & PreventionThe causes of bladder cancer are unknown. To help prevent bladder cancer, take antioxidant vitamins and do not smoke. Understanding your genetic make-up with genetic counseling can help determine your risk.
Risk FactorsYou are at a greater risk for bladder cancer if you:
DiagnosisAfter a physical exam of the abdomen and pelvis, which may include a rectal or vaginal exam, lab tests of the urine may be taken to check for blood and cancer cells. An X-ray of the bladder (intravenous pyelogram) may be taken by injecting dye into the blood stream which then collects in the urine and is detectable by X-ray. A physician may also perform a cystoscopy by placing a tiny light tube (cystoscope) through the urethra to examine the lining of the bladder in order to diagnose bladder cancer.
StagingIf cancer is diagnosed and before treatment begins, additional tests are performed to determine the stage of the cancer and to see if it has spread to other parts of the body.
TreatmentsMemorialCare’s experienced team of oncologists, radiation oncologists, radiologists, pathologists and surgeons conduct roundtable discussions (tumor boards) of newly diagnosed patients to make recommendations for the best course of treatment.